Omnia Sunt Communia – De Angelis
‘Perhaps it would be better for the rest of us to start thinking through the problem of alternative system building within the context of a society in which capitalist, financial and state policies are grabbing so much of our time and common wealth.’ [p.10]

‘A radical transformation of our world implies that people come together into communities that develop these alternatives to the logic of capitalism, multiply them and interconnect them: I understand commons to be such alternatives. In this book, commons are not just resources held in common, or commonwealth, but social systems whose elements are commonwealth, a community of commoners, and the ongoing interactions, phases of decision making and communal labour process that together are called commoning.’ [p.11]

‘These commons of reproduction are already being set up spontaneously by many commoners around the world to address lacks and needs or aspirations for accessing healthy food, housing, water, social care and education.’ [p.13]

‘To have access to these resources [water, land, food, energy, health, housing, care and education] would allow people and communities not only to grow more resilient, to share conviviality and enjoy life, but to build a common social force to expand their power vis-à-vis capital.[p.139]

‘(…) what we conventionally call ‘economic growth’ is only an indispensible requirement for the sustainability of capital systems, not of commons systems.’ [p.242]

‘(…)territorialisation in the sense of building commons systems of solidarity in the midst of crisis in a particular area is also linked to deterritorialisation of values, especially when the creation of commons is linked to the evolution of perspectives and horizons that see private and public resources as commons and regard the ‘other’, regardless of gender, ethnicity, age or sexual preference, as a commoner. Emancipation is always linked to a particular struggle.’ [p.363]

Classic classification of goods types
(Table from ‘Omnia Sont Communia’ [p.38])
Rival goods: ‘Goods are rival, if the use by one person subtracts from the total available to others. If it does not, then they are non-rival.’
difficulty of excluding potential beneficiaries: ‘is [it] feasible to exclude people from the consumption of goods or not.’ [p.37]

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